Doctor Binford is a practicing cardiothoracic surgeon specializing in complex valve and structural heart surgery with an emphasis on minimally invasive surgery. During his 14 years in practice, he developed two minimally invasive cardiac surgery programs and one robotic heart surgery program. In addition, he trained and proctored several cardiac surgeons in robotic surgery from all over the US and internationally. In a previous life, Robert was an aerospace engineer with research specializing in stability and control, flight test, and advance design. He earned both a Bachelor’s and Master of Science from Texas A&M University. NASA funded his graduate research. Robert has never been satisfied with the status quo. He is constantly looking for newer and better ideas and their applications.